Bioenergy has long tradition in Austria. Even today, it is the most relevant energy source in the heating sector. Already during the early 1990s, several villages in the eastern part of Austria developed strategies for the efficient energetic use of local resources to foster a more sustainable energy infrastructure and support the economic development. Well known forerunners of that movement are Gussing, Mureck or Bruck an der Leitha. These mature examples of bioenergy projects based on the premise of the greatest possible benefit for the region have been presented to stakeholders from the target villages in a 3 day study tour.